Prevention of osteoporosis


Not only the elderly are the “most patrons” of osteoporosis, but young people, children, pregnant women, etc. also have the risk of osteoporosis!

How can different ages and different groups of people prevent the “Ceramic Man” who is not in a wrong touch?

Osteoporosis prevention in different age groups

To improperly “Ceramic Man”, we need to understand the changes in the bones in people's life. Please see the following figure of human bone mass changes at different ages.

From the above figure, we can see that there are three stages in the change of bone mass, so the emphasis on bone strength varies from age to age.

Height growth period

From birth to later period of youth, this stage is the growth stage of human bone development, the most obvious is the change of height. Until puberty develops, as the development of the skeleton completes, heightening stops, usually boys are later than girls. For the average person, when the girls are 18 and 19, and the boys are 21 and 22, they basically completed the main task of bone growth.

The key to bone health at this stage is:

Does the development of height coincide with the growth of age?

Is the skeletal development pattern normal?

Adequate nutrition and outdoor sports are the only way to help people at this stage reach bone health.

Accumulated bone density

In the young adults between the ages of 20 and 35, although the bones no longer grow, they are silently doing a vital task - increasing bone density until the bone peak (the vertex of the parabola) is the accumulation of bone in the human body. At most, when the bone density is highest. After experiencing initial height changes, our bones began to reinforce quality engineering.

The accumulation of bone density is very important. We must pay special attention to:

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For women, this period is also a period of gestation for new life. Without paying attention to bone health, it is easy to overexpose bone mass in advance and bury the hidden dangers of osteoporosis. Therefore, the "accumulation" of this period determines whether your bones will be upright or "tofu scum!"

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The key to bone health at this stage is to make enough preparations for bone mass and increase bone peaks as much as possible. In order to achieve this goal, in addition to adequate nutrition and exercise, it is also necessary to form a good habit of daily life.

Osteoporosis prevention period

After entering middle age, with the increase of age, the rate of bone formation is slower than the rate of decomposition. The loss of calcium in the bone mass is greater than the accumulation, so the bone density (bone mass) is reduced. Once annoying symptoms such as back pain, bone atrophy, spinal deformity and even fractures are found, it shows that osteoporosis has come quietly.

Therefore, during this period, especially the middle-aged and elderly menopause women must start the battle to defend the skeleton. Can we “stand” to the quality of life in the rest of our lives?

The key to bone health at this stage is to relieve bone loss and maintain bone density at a high level in their peers. There are many ways to actively prevent osteoporosis, and then to maintain healthy and peaceful old age.

Osteoporosis prevention in different populations

Advance prevention of osteoporosis is more important than post-treatment. For different groups of people, there are three main preventive measures for osteoporosis:

Primary prevention

Corresponds to height growth period and bone density accumulation period, suitable for children and adolescents and young adults. Starting from children and young people, pay attention to reasonable dietary nutrition, eat more foods high in calcium, such as fish, shrimp, dairy products, etc., adhere to physical exercise, and receive more sunbathing.

Secondary prevention

Corresponds to osteoporosis prevention period, suitable for middle-aged and elderly menopausal women. The key to bone health at this stage is to relieve bone loss and maintain bone density at a relatively high level relative to their peers. It is very necessary to have a bone density test every 6 months or a year after middle-aged people, especially women, have menopause. For example, ultrasound bone density detection, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) bone density detection.

For people with rapid bone loss, prevention measures should be taken early, such as calcium supplementation.

Tertiary prevention

For those patients who have developed osteoporosis, measures such as anti-dropping and anti-impact prevention should be strengthened. Patients with fractures should be treated for symptoms, and related medications, physical therapy, nutrition, calcium supplementation, pain relief, bone growth, and bone loss prevention must be performed. Improve comprehensive treatment such as immune function.

According to different age groups and different groups of people, we must take preventive measures against osteoporosis!

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